The Milk Crisis in India: Stories on the Story Behind the Numbers

FSA’s research and the report on the story behind the milk crisis, authored by the Dairy Working Group of the Food Sovereignty Alliance, has been covered extensively in the media. Apart from the print media including newspapers and magazines several online forums have also cited the findings of FSA’s report in highlighting the ongoing milk crisis.  For more please follow these links for the stories on this story behind the numbers.


The Milk Crisis in India: The story behind the numbers

Press Release

This past two years has witnessed farmers across India demonstrating for their livelihoods: a hike in milk procurement prices has featured as a key demand. Their demand reflects  a grave crisis underway in the Indian milk market, which is threatening to undermine the multifunctional role of livestock and the way of life of entire communities.

Small and marginal farmers, the backbone of the Indian milk market, have been hardest hit by a price war waged by dairy processors (companies), beginning January 2015. Faced with mounting stocks of unexportable milk powder, brought on by a slump in global milk powder prices, some of the big domestic dairy players began to flood the domestic market with cheaply priced milk for  consumers. At the same time they were lowering the prices at which they were procuring milk from  farmers. This was severely affecting small farmers and has also impacted the peoples’ milk market, commonly referred to as the “informal” or “unorganised” milk market.

Building on research in the Indian States of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, the Food Sovereignty Alliance (FSA) shows how this crisis extends well beyond the small farmers of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh State in South India. It affects  small farmers nationally as well as globally. This book tells the story of how global trends including the onging threats of multilateral trade agreements such as the EU-India Free Trade Agreement and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Pact (RCEP), are driving countless small dairy farmers into debt and ultimately out of farming. It calls for a solution, based on nurturing the resilience of the small, localised networks of milk producers, cooperatives and consumers.

The authors provide clear evidence that the only hope for the future lies in localised peoples’ milk markets based on agro-ecological livestock cultures: cultures where livestock are reared, not as machines to produce single commodities, but as sentient beings playing a multifaceted role in food farming production systems.

This report authored by the Dairy Working Group of the Food Sovereignty Alliance, will be of interest to farmers’ movements, Dairy Cooperatives, Students, Researchers, Policy framers and anybody who is interested in understanding what it takes to bring them their daily glass of milk!

The report can be accessed at The Milk Crisis in India

The Milk Crisis in India


Farmer leaders from the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU), Food Sovereignty Alliance (FSA), Karnataka Rajya Ryatha Sangha (KRRS), South Indian Coordination Committee of Farmers’ Movements (SICCFM), Indian Coordination Committee of Farmers’ Movements (ICCFM), Tamizhaga Vivasayigal Sangam and the Tamil Nadu Women’s Collective, participated in a dialogue on the ongoing milk crises confronting small and marginal dairy farmers across India. The Food Sovereignty Alliance (FSA) convened this dialogue in Chennai, on October 21, 2015, to chalk out a collective strategy to protect the livelihoods of  small and marginal dairy farmers and people’s milk markets (commonly referred to as the “informal” or “unorganised” dairy sector).

A price war is raging between dairy processors (cooperatives and private companies) of the organised dairy sector, to sell milk to consumers at extremely low prices in urban centres. This has been accompanied by a steep reduction in milk procurement prices paid to farmers by dairy processors and the volume of milk procured by them. The current procurement prices, are far below the production costs incurred by farmers, thus driving them into ever deepening debt. Small and marginal farmers, whose livelihoods depend on selling milk and who are the backbone of the milk market, have been hardest hit. This has also severely affected the people’s milk markets.

At the dialogue, farmers were alerted to some of the key factors driving the destruction of small milk producers’ livelihoods. One of the most significant factors is the increased integration of India’s organised dairy sector into the global dairy markets. A global slump in skimmed milk powder (SMP) prices started in July 2014. The slump triggered a massive decline in Indian SMP exports and a build up of undisposed domestic SMP stocks. Dairy processors have attempted to dispose these stocks as reconstituted liquid milk, in different parts of the country, rather than procuring milk from farmers at fair prices. A critical ingredient of reconstituted milk is butter fat. The accompanying sharp spike in imports of subsidized butter fat primarily from the EU and USA into India, is most likely linked to a huge demand by dairy processors for butter fat,  to reconstitute milk from SMP. Cheap butter fat imports threaten to further depress procurement prices. All of this has and will continue to severely impact the Indian milk producers, pushing them out of production.

Farmers’ movements reiterate the critical importance of livestock in agriculture and assert how in these times of deep agrarian distress, livestock rearing and dairying are the only dependable livelihoods. The Farmers Movements unanimously and strongly condemn the failure of both Central and State Governments to take necessary actions to protect small farmer livelihoods that depend upon dairying and livestock rearing. We also resolve to take this dialogue forward at State and National Levels and organise against the systematic decimation of small farmers livestock based livelihoods and people’s milk markets.

Press Release Issued By

Dr Sagari R Ramdas, Member, Coordinating Council, Food Sovereignty Alliance (FSA),

Mr K.T.Gangadhar, Convenor and Mr S. Kannaiyan, General Secretary, South Indian Coordination Committee of Farmers’ Movements (SICCFM), ;

Mr Yudhvir Singh and Mr Rakesh Tikait, Coordinators, Bharatiya Kisan Union and Indian Coordination Committee of Farmers’ Movements (ICCFM),

Mr  Sellamuthu, President, Tamizhaga Vivasayigal Sangam, Tamil Nadu

Mr Chamrasa Patil, President,  Karnataka Rajiya Ryatha Sangham (KRRS)

October 22nd 2015, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

2015 Milk Crisis Press Release – Telugu

Milk Crisis Press Release - Telugu pg 1Milk Crisis Press Release - Telugu pg2Photos of the dialogue are as below:


DSC_0171DSC_0114  DSC_0192

For details please read the briefs in English, Telugu, Kannada and Hindi.

The Milk Crises of 2015 – A Dialogue and Re-visioning Animals in Our Farming Livelihoods

Domestic milk markets in India are in crises. A price war is raging between dairy processors, to sell milk at extremely low prices in urban cities. This has been accompanied by a steep reduction in milk procurement prices paid, as also the volume of milk procured from producers by dairy processors. Small and marginal farmers, whose livelihoods depend on selling milk and who are the backbone of this market, have been hardest hit. This has also severely affected the people’s milk market, commonly referred to as the “informal” or “unorganised” milk markets. The FSA was alerted to the crises by its member small farmers from Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh and Medak district in Telangana. In trying to understand the issue in greater detail, the FSA discovered that this is not merely a crises for small farmers of Chittoor and Medak: it is a grave crises that is impacting small farmers nationally and globally. They stand poised to be thrown out of their livelihoods en-masse. Given the urgency of the issue, it became apparent to the FSA that we need to get a better understanding of the ground reality, through dialogue with as many small milk producer farmers as possible. Through this dialogue will emerge a collective strategy to resist the systematic planned decimation of small producers and people’s milk markets. The dialogue is scheduled for October 21, 2015 at the Dhyana Ashram, Mylapore, Chennai. 

Read this preparatory note that sets context for the  dialogue 



Milk Crisis prep note Hindi

milk crises prep note in kannada

Corporatisation of the Indian Milk Cooperatives

Amul has begun to do to the informal dairy sector what the European Union threatened to do to the Indian dairy sector: dump milk and milk products, capture the market and then drive down procurement prices as well. India’s dairy sector increasingly shows signs of corporatisation with foreign firms and venture funds investing in cooperatives and then building chains with forward and backward linkages. The cooperative spirit that drove dairy development in India until the mid-1990s is fast disappearing.

Read more in Death_of_SmallFarmer_Dairies_amidst_Indias_Dairy_Boom